8th Nov 2017
INCREDIBLE CANYONS OR GORGES IN THE WORLD
Canyons or gorges are deep ravines between cliffs or mountain peaks, generally carved by the wearing activity of rivers, because of their natural tendency to cut through the surface upon which they flow, thus eroding the underlying layers of rocks. There are mainly two kinds of canyons like wide box canyons and the narrow slot canyons.
1. Antelope Canyon, USA
The Antelope Canyon is perhaps the most visited and most photographed of all the incredible canyons in the world, noted for the uniquely shaped rocks with the flowing patterns in beautiful colours. Located in the southwest of America, close to Page. It was formed by the erosion of the Navajo Sandstone, primarily because of flash flooding and secondarily due to sub-aerial processes.
There are several other such gorgeous canyons or gorges in the world. Some of them are frequently visited by tourists from all over the globe, while others are still untouched and unspoilt. All in all, these gorges or canyons are among the most stunning of the naturally formed landforms on earth.
2. Indus Gorge, Pakistan
The Indus Gorge in Pakistan is considered the deepest, and one of the most incredible gorges in the world. The Indus River being one of the major rivers in Asia and the most important river of Pakistan, it cuts to a depth of about 4500-5200 metres along its course near the Nanga Parbat massif as it passes the Nanga Parbat, and thus forms gigantic gorges, exposing the middle and lower crusts.
3. Kali Gandaki Gorge, Nepal
The Kali Gandaki Gorge in Nepal, one of the most wonderful gorges in the world, was formed by the Kali Gandaki, or Gandaki River in the Himalayas. Some records define it as the world’s deepest gorge, with a depth of 5571 lower than Annapurna I at a point between Annapurna I and Dhaulagiri, where its elevation is 2520 m. Known for shaligram fossils, it is a trade route between India and Nepal.
4. Bryce Canyon, USA
The Bryce Canyon of Utah, US, looks like a natural amphitheatre, with columns made of limestone, called hoodoo. It came into focus as one of the most stunning canyons in the world at the start of the 1900s, when its unearthly vista was described in magazines and newspapers. Its rim varies from 2400 to 2700 metres. Though hard to access, it is a popular stargazing spot with a view of 7400 stars.