18th April 2017
MOST FAMOUS CULTURAL MONUMENTS
AROUND THE WORLD
A monument is a type of structure either explicitly created to commemorate
a person or important event or which has become important to a social group
as a part of their remembrance of historic times or cultural heritage,
or simply as an example of historic architecture.
1. The Kaaba (Masjid al-Haram)
The Kaaba (Masjid al-Haram) is a cuboid-shaped building in Mecca, Saudi Arabia,
and is the most sacred site in Islam, oldest and top the most Famous
Cultural monuments in the world. The Quran states that the Kaaba was
constructed by Abraham (Ibrahim in Arabic), and
his son Ishmael (Ismaeel in Arabic), after the latter had settled in Arabia.
The building has a mosque built around it, the Masjid al-Haram.
All Muslims around the world face the Kaaba during prayers,
no matter where they are. This is called facing the Qiblah.
One of the Five Pillars of Islam requires every Muslim to perform
the Hajj pilgrimage at least once in his or her lifetime if able to do so.
Multiple parts of the Hajj require pilgrims to walk seven times around
the Kaaba in a counter-clockwise direction (as viewed from above).
This circumambulation, the Tawaf, is also performed by pilgrims
during the Umrah (lesser pilgrimage). However, the most dramatic
times are during the Hajj, when about 6 million pilgrims gather
to circle the building on the same day.
2. The Taj Mahal
Taj Mahal “crown of palaces”, world heritage site is a white marble mausoleum
located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India, seen from the banks of Yamuna river,
with Mihman Khana or assembly hall (left) and Taj Mahal mosque (right),
the two almost identical buildings on either side.
It was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal.
The Taj Mahal is widely recognized as “the jewel of Muslim art in India
and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world’s heritage.
It coveres area about 221 hectare (552 Acres) which include 38 hectare
taj mahal and 183 hectare taj protected forest are.
This world’s most Famous Cultural Monuments is also one of the wonders of the world.
3. The Acropolis hill
The Acropolis hill, so called the “Sacred Rock” of Athens, is the most important site
of the city and constitutes one of the most recognizable monuments of the world.
It is the most significant reference point of ancient Greek culture,
as well as the symbol of the city of Athens itself as it represent the
apogee of artistic development in the 5th century BC.
During Perikles’ Golden Age, ancient Greek civilization was represented
in an ideal way on the hill and some of the architectural masterpieces
of the period were erected on its ground.
4. The Potala Palace
The Potala Palace is located in Lhasa, Tibet Autonomous Region, China.
It is named after Mount Potalaka, the mythical abode of Chenresig or Avalokitesvara.
The Potala Palace was the chief residence of the Dalai Lama until the
14th Dalai Lama fled to Dharamsala, India, during the 1959 Tibetan uprising.
Lozang Gyatso, the Great Fifth Dalai Lama, started the construction
of the Potala Palace in 1645 after one of his spiritual advisers,
Konchog Chophel (d. 1646), pointed out that the site was ideal as
a seat of government, situated as it is between Drepung and
Sera monasteries and the old city of Lhasa. It may overlay the remains
of an earlier fortress, called the White or Red Palace,
on the site built by Songtsen Gampo in 637. Today, the Potala Palace is a museum.
5. Liberty Enlightening the World
The Statue of Liberty Enlightening the World was a gift of friendship
from the people of France to the people of the United States
and is a universal symbol of freedom and democracy.
The Statue of Liberty was dedicated on October 28, 1886, designated as a
National Monument in 1924 and restored for her centennial on July 4, 1986.